By C.F. McGleenon
In the eighteenth century, County Armagh was once famously known as a really self reliant county' given the specified nature of politics and electioneering in parliamentary elections.
This ebook analyses the heritage to, and lines information of basic elections and by‐elections for the county and borough seats in Armagh. during this interval prior to mystery ballots whilst polls usually lasted for weeks, the subsequent electioneering practices are defined: patronage, canvassing of electorate by means of applicants, family members among landlords and freeholders; 'conjunctions' and 'running horses'; festivities equivalent to treating of electorate together with shipping and lodging, musical bands and parades; violence and intimidation with cudgels, swords and weapons; a paper battle of pamphlets.
Key political households in Armagh are pointed out who have been seriously concerned and divided on modern nationwide matters resembling budget friendly and parliamentary reform, loose exchange, Catholic reduction and Catholic emancipation, union of the Irish and British parliaments.
Social and fiscal concerns in Armagh have been intertwined with the politics of the period: faith and society, progress of the linen and cities, agrarian unrest, resentment opposed to cost of cess and tithes.
From those concerns emerged well known societies, socio‐economic protest and paramilitary actions: the Oakboys in 1763 and 1772, the Volunteers within the 1780s, sectarian outrages via Fleets, Peep O'Day Boys and Defenders 1784‐90, the United Irish Society and Orange Society within the 1790s.
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